Lev Isaakovich Shestov (Russian: Лев Исаакович Шестов), born Yehuda Leyb Schwarzmann (Russian: Иегуда Лейб Шварцман), variously known as Leon. Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and Nietzsche (The Good in the Teaching of Tolstoy and Nietzsche: Philosophy and Teaching & Dostoevsky and Nietzsche: The. An introduction to the Russian-Jewish existentialist philosopher Lev Shestov, Leon Chestov.
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Lev Isaakovich Shestov Russian: Shestov’s philosophy is, at first sight, not a philosophy at all: These are Shestovs most important works, in their English translations, and with their date of writing:. That true, existential philosophy must be a continuous and agonizing struggle against constraint, against the immoderate pretensions of the logically self-evident, against the deliverances of common consciousness, is one of the dominant as shestovv as one leg the most valuable motifs in Shestov’s thought.
Lv and Doctrine; and Dostoevskii i Nitshe: Why forever speak of “total unity”? Camus here discusses what he calls Shestov’s “leap” towards God, a leap which he himself rejects as an “escape” from an authentic awareness of the reality of the absurd. Though at this time Shestov had not even heard of Kierkegaard or of what a few years later came to be called Existenz-philosophieit is interesting to note that The Apotheosis of Groundlessness already adumbrates a number of the chief characteristics of existentialist thought.
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The substance of this faith, emphatically denied both by science and philosophy, is the daring and unsupported but paradoxically true conviction that all things are possible.
In the interwar years, Shestov continued to develop into a thinker of great prominence. Fondane was to be Shestov’s most appreciative pupil and closest confidant during the last years of his life. Furthermore, although a Jewish philosopherShestov saw in the resurrection of Christ this victory over necessity.
But it is none the less a real, living ideal for the moment, the very salvation. If you need to reproduce some of the texts, make sure to mention copyright – author’s, editor’s or translator’s – and this site’s address as the source of electronic form. But if one feels that “God is not, man must himself become God, create all things out of nothing; all things; matter together with forms, and even the eternal laws” – what guarantee is there that this will not end in pagan titanism?
But as long as I have the least shred of hope I will refuse to “sanctify” necessity as Schelling does Faith, he claims, gives man absolute freedom. Albert Camusfor example, has noted the intensity and concentrated power of his work in this connection.
Faith, Shestov maintained, results in the liberation of man not only from all physical compulsion but also from all moral constraint. Written on the occasion of Shestov’s death. The heavens glorify the Lord.
The Fundamental Idea of the Philosophy of Lev Shestov
Shestov also performed a useful service in forcibly and repeatedly drawing our attention to the fact that not all questions are of the same kind. For the Bible, in opposition to Western science and philosophy, proclaims that God is the omnipotent One for whom literally nothing is impossible and whose power is absolutely without limits, and that He stands not only at the center but at the beginning and end of all things. When Heidegger left the house after a long philosophical discussion, Husserl urged Shestov to acquaint himself with the work of Kierkegaard, hitherto entirely unknown to him, and indicated that some of Heidegger’s fundamental ideas had been inspired by the Nineteenth-Century Danish thinker.
The author was a popular figure in France, where his originality was quickly recognized. God is ‘caprice’ incarnate, who rejects all guarantees.
This site proposes a number of Shestov’s works in extenso. The prophets and apostles sheshov in ecstasy, “O death, where is thy sting? However, Shestov maintained that Kierkegaard did not pursue this line of thought far enough, and proceeded to continue where he thought the Dane left off. Science and Free Inquiry published And what a sigh of relief men will breathe shrstov they suddenly discover that the living God, the true God, in no way resembles Him whom reason has shown them until now!
Lev Shestov – Wikipedia
In some of his most famous words he explains:. Let each individual act spontaneously from the forever-incalculable prompting of the creative well-head within him. The heavens glorify the Lord. According to Michael Richardson’s research on Georges BatailleShestov was an early influence on Bataille and was responsible for exposing him to Nietzsche.
The most natural thing would be to suppose that it happened at shestovv foot of the scaffold when sentence of death was read out to him and his companions. More than anything else Shestov was troubled by the tendency of the scientists and the rationalist philosophers to bless and glorify their “constraining truths.
Shestov shestv very well-known, even in the academic world.
The war brought him one great personal sorrow when, inhis handsome and gifted illegitimate son, Sergei Listopadov, was killed in action. His insistence on the absoluteness and incomprehensibility of God through reason were a response to the rationalism of Western philosophy and ideology. The truth lies there where science sees the ‘nothing,’ in that single, uncontrollable, incomprehensible thing which is always at war with explanation, the ‘fortuitous. But it is fairly clear that he did not mean to question the preliminary value and significance of scientific knowledge in everyday life.
Shestov’s dislike of the Soviet regime led him to undertake a long journey out of Russia, and he eventually ended up in France. But despair is not shestkv last word, it is only the ‘penultimate word’. Dostoevsky and Nietzsche The Philosophy of Tragedy, His second master, Friendrich Nietzsche is given here a very shestovian appreciation.
As I have learned from my own work with ancient languages, the amount of interpretation that goes into the so-called “standard” translations entirely justifies Shestov’s practice. Invitations from other countries as well came to him, and he addressed philosophical meetings in Prague, Cracow, and Amsterdam. Lawrence no doubt to add “weight” to a then unknown author. He finished his Gymnasium studies in Shetov, whereupon he entered the university there, studying first under the Faculty of Mathematics and later under the Faculty of Law.
Athens – with its constraining principles, its eternal truths, its logic and science – may bring man earthly comfort and ease but it also stupefies, if it does not kill, the human spirit.